A chemical burn occurs when a liquid or powder chemical contacts the eye. most commonly, the injury happens when a chemical splashes over the face. However, chemical burns may also result from rubbing your eyes after handling chemicals. depending on the chemical and the degree of exposure, the potential for injury ranges from temporary redness and irritation to blindness. Chemicals splashed into the eyes can also cause poisoning as they’re absorbed into the bloodstream many times more rapidly than chemicals splashed onto the skin.
Also Read: How to Treat Irritated Eyes
First aid suggestions include:
- Hold your face under running water for 15 to 20 minutes and permit the water stream to flood into your eyes. Use your fingers to hold your eyelids apart (make sure there’s no trace of the chemical on your fingers).
- If you wear contact lenses, take away them as soon as possible.
- Seek immediate medical advice. Medical staff will need to recognize what chemical was involved, particularly whether it was acid or alkaline, liquid or powder.
- Do not decide the seriousness of your eye injury on the degree of pain.
- Powder chemicals can be particularly damaging since they are harder to flush out.
Estimates suggest that about 90 percent of chemical burns to the eye are avoidable. Wear eye protection every time when you handle liquid or powder chemicals. Prescription glasses or sunglasses do not give reliable protection because the loose fit allows liquids or powder to splash behind the frames.
Appropriate safety gear is that the best way to reduce your risk of injury. options depend on the work, but may include:
safety glasses – look similar to regular prescription glasses, but have shatter-resistant lenses, stronger frames, and side shields. However, safety glasses do not seal against the face, which implies liquids may splash or run into the eyes. Safety glasses may be an choice if the risk of splash is low or if the liquid is non-toxic.
safety goggles – Are made from smash resistant materials and seal against the face. Some styles of safety goggles are large enough to be worn over the top of prescription glasses
face shields – offer maximum protection against splash injury. In some cases, safety goggles are also worn. Face shields are recommended when handling dangerous chemicals, such as corrosive liquids or powders, cryogenic fluids or biological materials.
safer products – dangerous chemicals can occasionally be replaced with less toxic options, or you may be able to buy the same chemical in a less dangerous form. for example, a liquid product may also be available as pellets.
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