Effects Of Diabetes On Eyes

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The primary complications of diabetes due to damage in small blood vessels include harm to the eyes, kidneys, and nerves. harm to the eyes, called diabetic retinopathy, is caused by damage to the blood vessels within the retina of the eye and can lead to gradual vision loss and blindness.

Diabetic retinopathy, also called diabetic eye disease, is a medical condition in which damage occurs to the retina owing to diabetes and is a leading cause of blindness. It affects up to 80 % of individuals who have had diabetes for twenty years or more. at least 90th of new cases could be reduced if there were correct treatment and monitoring of the eyes. The longer an individual has diabetes, the upper his or her possibilities of developing diabetic retinopathy. High blood sugar (glucose) will increase the risk of diabetes eye issues. In fact, diabetes is the leading cause of blindness in adults age 20 to 74.Blurred vision can also be a symptom of more serious eye problem with diabetes.

The 3 major eye issues that people with diabetes may develop and should be aware of are cataracts, glaucoma, and retinopathy.

Cataracts:

A cataract is a clouding of the lens within the eye which leads to a decrease in vision. Cataracts often develop slowly and can have an effect on one or both eyes. Symptoms may include faded colors, blurred vision, halos around light, trouble with bright lights, and trouble seeing at night time. this may lead to trouble driving, reading, or recognizing faces. Poor vision caused by cataracts may also result in an increased risk of falling and depression.

For more about Cataracts read this blog Nutritional food that delay cataract in eyes

Glaucoma:

Glaucoma is a cluster of eye diseases which lead to harm to the optic nerve and vision loss. the most common kind is open-angle {glaucoma|chronic glaucoma|glaucoma} with less common types including closed-angle glaucoma and normal-tension glaucoma. open-angle glaucoma develops slowly over time and there is no pain. side vision may begin to decrease followed by central vision leading to blindness if not treated. Closed-angle glaucoma can present gradually or suddenly. The sudden presentation might involve severe eye pain, blurred vision, mid-dilated pupil, redness of the eye, and nausea. Vision loss from glaucoma, once it has occurred, is permanent.

For more about Cataracts read this blog What is glaucoma and the way to detect it early??

Retinopathy:

Retinopathy is any damage to the retina of the eyes, which can cause vision impairment. Retinopathy often refers to retinal vascular disease, or harm to the retina caused by abnormal blood flow. Age-related macular degeneration is technically included under the umbrella term retinopathy but is often discussed as a separate entity. Retinopathy, or retinal vascular disease, will be broadly classified into proliferative and non-proliferative types. Frequently, retinopathy is an ocular manifestation of systemic disease as seen in diabetes or hypertension. Diabetic retinopathy is that the leading cause of blindness in working-aged people.

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